Preliminary Core 2: The Body in Motion


This page includes:
1. Syllabus Content
2. Sample examination questions
3. Helpful and Handy websites
4. Video resources

Syllabus Content

Core 1 Description

This module should occupy approximately 30% total course time.

This core examines the scientific foundations of human movement. Students explore how the body moves and why it moves in particular ways. Students focus on the relationships between anatomy, physiology, fitness, biomechanics and efficient human movement.
This forms the basis of more detailed study in the HSC core, Factors affecting performance.





Sample examination questions


Below is a range of examination style questions. The questions have been broken into 3 groups according to marks allocated to this style of question. Keep in mind when answering the questions, the marks allocated to each question determines the length of response. A helpful hint when answering questions is to refer back to the HSC- Key terms page to understand what the verb in the question is asking!!

3 marks

1. What is the range recommended for heart rate during exercise?

2. Outline the key points associated with the biomechanical principles influencing movement.

3. Describe the strategies that people se to hold a stable, balanced position. For example, how they hold a balance position during a
gymnastics routine.

4. Explain the difference between mass and weight.

5 marks

5. Identify the agonist and antagonist in the following actions: extension of the elbow- rotation of the shoulder- flexion of the hip- hyperextension
of the hip- rotation of the neck.

6. Describe the components of physical fitness. Outline ho each component may influence human movement.

7. Explain why people do not always float in a horizontal position, and what strategies can be used to make he body more horizontal.

12 mark questions

8. Identify the bones that form each of the following joints. Identify the movement the joint can perform and explain how the bones and joint
type influence those movements. Hip joint- shoulder joint- elbow joint- shoulder joint.

9. Explain the difference between aerobic and anaerobic training and outline the benefits athletes may get from each type of training. List
examples of activities that provide anaerobic exercise.

10. Using the FITT principle, design a one-week training program for a person in their late twenties, who has not done any exercise since

Helpful and Handy Websitesimages.jpeg

These websites are here to help you navigate through the expanse of internet information. Please feel free if you find another helpful or handy site to log on and add the site to the table below!

Current URL
Useful for..
Coaches Information service
Articles about sport science, improving performance and biomechanics of sport.
Google labs
Interactive site for students to explore the human body
Practical activities to explore biomechanics at work
Teach PE
Information on human anatomy and physiology and training and fitness
Inner body
Interactive site to explore the human body
Tope end sports
Information on biomechiancs in sports
How stuff works
Information on all systems of the body
Sports Coach
Fitness library with information on sport science and coaching
Exercise Prescription
Fitness testing and calculators to determine rating for various tests based on age and gender

Video Resources

These video resources are here to help you further understand some of the complex concepts we are dealing with in class!! If you find any other helpful and appropriate clips, log on and add them to this page!!

This short clip provides a basic overview of the anatomy, function and role of the respiratory system within the human body related to sport.
Link to clip:

This clip gives a helpful outline of the FITT training principle and its use in sports.
Link to clip:

This clip gives an outline of the basic biomechanical principles of sport, this includes the principles of motion, force, momentum, levers and balance.
Link to clip: