BoS glossary of Key Terms

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The following glossary is of key terms used throughout the NSW PDHPE syllabus and throughout the HSC examinations. It is important for you to have a sound understanding of each term, so that you can have a sound understanding of questions asked.





Verb
Explanation
Account
Account for: state reasons for, report on. Give an account of: narrate a series of events or transactions
Analyse
Identify components and the relationship between them; draw out and relate implications
Apply
Use, utilise, employ in a particular situation
Appreciate
Make a judgement about the value of
Assess
Make a judgement of value, quality, outcomes, results or size
Calculate
Ascertain/determine from given facts, figures or information
Clarify
Make clear or plain
Classify
Arrange or include in classes/categories
Compare
Show how things are similar or different
Construct
Make; build; put together items or arguments
Contrast
Show how things are different or opposite
Critically (analyse/evaluate)
Add a degree or level of accuracy depth, knowledge and understanding, logic, questioning, reflection and quality to (analyse/evaluate)
Deduce
Draw conclusions
Define
State meaning and identify essential qualities
Demonstrate
Show by example
Describe
Provide characteristics and features
Discuss
Identify issues and provide points for and/or against
Distinguish
Recognise or note/indicate as being distinct or different from; to note differences between
Evaluate
Make a judgement based on criteria; determine the value of
Examine
Inquire into
Explain
Relate cause and effect; make the relationships between things evident; provide why and/or how
Extract
Choose relevant and/or appropriate details
Extrapolate
Infer from what is known
Identify
Recognise and name
Interpret
Draw meaning from
Investigate
Plan, inquire into and draw conclusions about
Justify
Support an argument or conclusion
Outline
Sketch in general terms; indicate the main features of
Predict
Suggest what may happen based on available information
Propose
Put forward (for example a point of view, idea, argument, suggestion) for consideration or action
Recall
Present remembered ideas, facts or experiences
Recommend
Provide reasons in favour
Recount
Retell a series of events
Summarise
Express, concisely, the relevant details
Synthesise
Putting together various elements to make a whole


Glossary of Key PDHPE terms
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The following glossary provides you with the means associated with key terms in the PDHPE syllabus. This table can also be found at on pages 68-70 of the NSW PDHPE syllabus. Link to Syllabus: www.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au/syllabus_hsc/pdhpe.html

PDHPE Glossary
Advocacy
A combination of individual and social actions aimed at gaining support and commitment for a particular goal or program
Blood borne viruses
Used to refer to Hepatitis B and C
Critical approach
This question-based approach to the study of PDHPE involves propsing a range of soluation to the problems being studied. It may involve consideration of alternatives to practices that have been accepted or in place for extended periods of time
Determinants of
Health
The range of personal, social, economic and environmental factors that determine the health status of individuals and populations
Dispossession
The removal of possessions, particularly land
Enabling
Action in partnerships with individuals and groups, providing resources and support to empower them to promote and protect their health
EPO
The drug epotin is a synthetic version of human erythropoietin(EPO). The drug stimulates the bone marrow to produve red blood cells. It is considered as blood doping and its use is banned in sports
Equity
Equity means that resources are allocated in accordance with the needs of individuals and population with the desired goal of equality of outcomes
FITT principle
A framework for developing fitness programs that emphasise the variables Frequency, Intensity, Type of exercise and Time or duration of exercise
Health
A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
Health promotion
The process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health
Health status
The health of an individual or population measured against an identifiable standard.
Intersectoral collaboration
Different sectors of society work together in a coordinated manner in order to tackle a particular issues or achieve an agreed outcome. The combined effort is more effective and the outcome more sustainable than the health sector working in isolation
Jakarta Declaration
The declaration resulted from the World Health Organisation’s 4th International Conference on Health Promotion. The declaration raises new health challenges, affirms the Ottawa Charter action areas and establishes the following priorities
- promote social responsibility for health
- increase investments for health development
- consolidate and expand partnerships for health
- increase community capacity and empower the individual
- secure an infrastructure for health promotion
Mediation
The process of bringing different interests and parties together to a point of accepting solutions that promote health
New public health
A model of health recognising the dual role of lifestyle and living conditions as determinants of health status. It involves establishing programs, policies and services that create environments that support health
Ottawa Charter
Organisation’s First International Conference on Health
Promotion. It outlines prerequisites of health and the importance of enabling, mediating and advocating for health. It outlines 5 essential actions for health promotion:
_build healthy public policy
_create supportive environments
_strengthen community action
_develop personal skills
_reorient health services
PNF
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Functioning is a form of flexibility training. It involves a phase of pushing away from the direction of stretch against resistance. This is followed by a period of relaxation with gentle reversing of the resistance to push along the line of stretch increasing the stretch beyond its normal range
Reorienting health services
Moving the focus of the health sector towards health promotion, prevention and supporting the wellbeing of the whole person to complement traditional roles of diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation. The health sector is encouraged to also adopt a key role in coordinating other sectors to work for health
Resilience
The process and capacity that allows individuals to successfully adapt to challenges in their lives. Resilience is related to the development of personal life skills, such as social problem-solving, assertiveness, negotiation, social support accessing skills and a sense of connectedness
Settings
Places or social contexts at which populations engage in daily life. These settings present as potential sites for health-promotion activity that targets the relevant populations
Social action
Deliberate activity that is aimed at enhancing the wellbeing of others and oneself. Based on the theory that the nature of society is a product of individuals acting collectively. In the school setting this may include, for example, students participating in decision-making, developing peer support networks, or promoting drug free lifestyles
Social construct
A concept that has meaning and shared understandings based on people’s ways of seeing, interpreting, interrelating and interacting
Social justice
A value that favours measures that aim at decreasing or eliminating inequity; promoting inclusiveness of diversity; and establishing environments that are supportive of all people
Sociocultural
Related to social and cultural factors that impact on health and physical activity issues.
Strategic non-intervention
The deliberate decision to monitor rather than intervene when people are faced with a challenge or problem. This allows for the development of resourcefulness, problem-solving skills and personal growth
Supportive environments
The places people live, work and play that protect people from threats to health and that increases their ability to make health-promoting choices
Trait and state anxiety
One’s normal disposition to be anxious generally (trait) vs one’s level of anxiety in a particular situation (state)